Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Parent Strategies
Phonemic Awareness - specifically focuses on individual sounds (know as phonemes in words).
Phonological Awareness - refers to the general understanding of the sound structure of words and sentences. The phoneme level of phonological awareness is the most critical for learning to read.
Ever wonder what you can do to support the pre-reading skill - phonemic awareness? Well, there are several strategies that will benefit children before they go to school and during kindergarten and first grade. The list progression is simple to more complex skills.
Sing the alphabet song with your child.
Read stories often, letting your child choose most of them.
Encourage your child to draw and/or write about a story you've read. Praise all attempts.
Help your child clap out the beats/syllables in words. Family and friend names work great.
Point out letters, especially letters in your child's name.
Point out letters around the house, on cereal boxes, food labels, etc.
Rhyme, rhyme, rhyme - play with language. Use regular words and nonsense words that rhyme. Read stories that rhyme.
Talk about sounds in words, for example, "the cat caught a canary." Talk about all the words that start with the same beginning sound, "/c/".
Ask your child to guess what sounds words begin or end with - for example, "What sound does dog begin with?"
Play I Spy with letters and sounds. "I spy with my little eye, something that begins with the letter f, or the /f/ sound.
Make up card games or board games that help children recognize letters and letter sounds.
Sing songs that manipulate phonemes, such as The Name Game -- "Tammy Tammy Bo Bammy; Banana Fana Fo Fammy..."
This strategies will help prepare your child for the reading world. Have fun and know that you are doing your part in preparing your child for the next step in learning to read.